Step 3: How To Build Gable Roof Shed Trusses

Make the trusses now because you’ll need two of them to build the gable end walls in the next step.

It’s important that all your trusses be the same height and width so that the ridge line of your new shed will be symmetrical. You can do this by making a simple jig.

make a truss assembly jigMake a jig: Place two pencil marks eight feet apart on the edge of the unused 2×4 top plate.

Now cut two small pieces of wood and screw them to the outside of these marks. Then screw this jig assembly to the floor.

Prepare your materials: Measure and cut the pieces for the trusses. Use a speed square to mark the angles.

Drill a pilot hole in one of the pointy ends of every other truss piece so you can toe nail them together at the top joint. Also drill four pilot holes in both ends of the collar beams.

assemble the trussesAssemble trusses: Put the ends of two truss pieces into the jig and press everything together.

Toe nail the top joint with a single screw through the pilot hole.

Position a collar beam parallel to the jig and screw it to the truss with four screws on each side.

Make a pencil mark on the floor along the top of the truss so you can compare the rest of your trusses to this mark as you build them. If a truss is off significantly you will know it immediately.

After you have built all the trusses you can double check them by standing them up on end and measuring the distance from the floor to the peak of the truss. If they are all equal (or close enough), then you are finished and can disassemble the jig.

If some of your trusses are slightly off, don’t despair. If you use them properly this will not be a problem. Simply use the shortest pair of trusses to build the gabled ends with. Use the single tallest truss in the center of the shed. Use the next tallest pair, one truss on either side of the center truss. Use the last pair next to the gable ends. This way the roof will still be symmetrical and you won’t not have to waste or rebuild the less than perfect trusses.

Buy The Plans To Build This Shed

Lean To Style Plans Available NOW!

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  • These plans have been written in great detail specifically for you – the first time shed builder
3 column top

Includes dimensions for 45 shed sizes

3 column top

Option for a full size porch

  • 1.5/12 roof pitch
  • 2, 4-6, 12 inch overhang options
  • 45 sizes from 4×4 to 12×20
  • 4 height options from 60 inches to 12 ft
  • Any custom length, width or height
  • Single and double doors
  • Floor studs 16 inch O.C.
  • Wall studs 16 inch O.C.
  • Rafters 16 inch O.C.
  • Single top plates
  • Instructions and details to build a porch
  • Bike shed ideas
  • Frame for pre hung doors and windows

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3 column top

Includes 3/12, 4/12 & 5/12 roof pitches

3 column top

  • 3/12, 4/12, 5/12 roof pitch options
  • 2, 3 1/2, 5 1/2 inch overhang
  • 21 sizes from 8×4 to 12×20
  • Single and double doors
  • Single top plates
  • Wall studs and roof trusses 24 inch O.C.
  • One of the cheapest and easiest to build

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3 column top

Includes 3/12, 6/12 & 12/12 roof pitches with full 12 inch overhang

3 column top

  • 3/12, 6/12 and 12/12 roof pitch options
  • 12 inch overhang
  • 31 sizes from 8×4 to 16×32
  • 8, 10, 12, 14 & 16 ft widths
  • Single and double doors
  • Floor studs 12 inch O.C.
  • Wall studs 16 inch O.C.
  • Roof trusses 16 inch O.C.
  • Double top plates
  • Includes 48 inch loft the length of the shed with an optional gable end door
  • Frame for pre hung doors and windows

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3 column top

Updated to include:
10 Larger sizes,
Overhang &
Crows Beak
Original
Also includes original version without overhang

  • Gambrel style barn roof
  • 12 inch overhang (option)
  • 31 sizes from 8×4 to 16×32
  • 8, 10, 12, 14 & 16 ft widths
  • Crows Beak (option)
  • Single and double doors
  • Floor studs 12 inch O.C.
  • Wall studs 16 inch O.C.
  • Roof trusses 16
    or 24 inch O.C.
  • Double top plates
  • Includes full width loft
  • Frame for pre hung doors and windows

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“Thanks for your shed plans. I think I looked at every major plan outlet online and otherwise and I found your plans to be the most straightforward, easy to read and use, and easy to customize without fuss. I was worried with the name cheapsheds.com, but this shed I’m building from your plans is anything but cheap and I’m certain it will last the better part of the next 30 years. Great job on these plans.”

“I liked your plans and it made building a nice shed much easier. Keep up the good work.”

Includes Dimensions For All These Sizes

4×4 – 4×20
6×4 – 6×20
8×4 – 8×20 8×4 – 8×16 8×4 – 8×16 8×4 – 8×16
10×4 – 10×20 10×8 – 10×20 10×8 – 10×20 10×8 – 10×20
12×4 – 12×20 12×8 – 12×20 12×8 – 12×20 12×8 – 12×20
14×16 – 14×32 14×16 – 14×32
16×16 – 16×32 16×16 – 16×32

Features Of These Sheds

Similarities:
  • Floor covering: 3/4 inch plywood
  • Foundation: Pressure treated skids, concrete slab or floor less foundation
  • Wall materials: 4×8 sheets of hardboard siding or T-111
  • Door style: Out swinging shed door
  • Door location: Can be located any where on any wall
  • Door options: Single door, double door, wider or narrower door
  • Door options: Frame for pre-hung doors and windows
Differences:
  • Roof line: Single slope lean-to style
  • Roof pitch: 1.5/12
  • Roof covering: Rolled or metal
  • Overhang: 1-6 inch or 12 inch
  • Roof structure: 2×4 or 2×6 rafters
  • Floor joists: (8 wide) 2×4 at 16 inch O.C. (10/12 wide) 2×6 at 16 inch O.C.
  • Wall stud spacing: 2×4 at 16 inch O.C.
  • Wall framing: Single top and bottom plates with double corner studs
  • Roof line: Gable
  • Roof pitch: 3/12, 4/12, 5/12
  • Roof covering: Asphalt shingles
  • Roof structure: 2×4 trusses
  • Overhang: 2, 3 1/2, 5 1/2 inch
  • Floor joists: (8 wide) 2×4 at 16 inch O.C. (10/12 wide) 2×6 at 16 inch O.C.
  • Wall stud spacing: 2×4 at 24 inch O.C.
  • Wall framing: Single top and bottom plates with double corner studs
  • Roof line: Gable
  • Roof pitch: 6/12 or 12/12
  • Roof covering: Asphalt shingles
  • Roof structure: 2×4 trusses
  • Overhang: About 12 inchs
  • Floor joists: 2×6 at 12 inch O.C.
  • Wall stud spacing: 2×4 at 16 inch O.C.
  • Wall framing: Double top and single bottom plates with double corner studs
  • Roof line: Gambrel (barn style)
  • Roof pitch: Combination of 29/12 lower section, 4/12 upper section
  • Roof covering: Asphalt shingles
  • Roof structure: 2×4 trusses
  • Overhang: About 12 inches
  • Floor joists: 2×6 at 12 inch O.C.
  • Wall stud spacing: 2×4 at 16 inch O.C.
  • Wall framing: Double top and single bottom plates with double corner studs
General notes:

The biggest difference between these shed plans is the roof line. All sheds can be built with roof trusses and wall studs 16 or 24 inch O.C. and floor joists 12 or 16 inch O.C. and use 2 to 5 skids in the foundation. All of the sheds can be built taller or shorter and doors installed anywhere you like.

These are the most versatile plans because they offer so many size and height options.

And it has a low profile with no complicated trusses to build.

This is one of the easiest sheds to build because it uses a simple truss design and small but easy to build overhang options.

These sheds look great!

And the higher roof pitches offer additional overhead storage in an easy to build loft area.

The barn style shed is very tall and might block yours or your neighbors views.

However if you can manage the barn style shed looks great and provides lots of additional storage if you build the optional loft.

Dimensions

Overall outside height at peak, not including foundation. For foundation add 4″ for skids and 2″ to 4″ for concrete blocks.
Lowest profile option

  • 60 inches or less

Medium height option

  • All widths: 8′

Tall option

  • 6 ft wide: 9′ 2″
  • 8 ft wide: 9′ 5″
  • 10 ft wide: 9′ 10″
  • 12 ft wide: 10′ 1″

Extra tall option

  • Up to 12′ with 10′ minimum wall height
Standard 3/12 pitch

  • 8 ft wide: 8′
  • 10 ft wide: 8′ 3″
  • 12 ft wide: 8′ 6″

Standard 7ft sidewall height

  • 8 ft wide: 9′
  • 10 ft wide: 9′ 3″
  • 12 ft wide: 9′ 6″

Optional 8ft sidewall height
You can make this shed shorter if necessary by removing the same amount from all vertical cut dimensions.

12/12 pitch

  • 8 ft wide: 12′
  • 10 ft wide: 13′
  • 12 ft wide: 14′
  • 14 ft wide: 15′
  • 16 ft wide: 16′

6/12 pitch

  • 8 ft wide: 10′
  • 10 ft wide: 10.5′
  • 12 ft wide: 11′
  • 14 ft wide: 11.5′
  • 16 ft wide: 12′

These dimensions are for standard 8ft side wall height using optimal stud length.

  • 8 ft wide: 12′
  • 10 ft wide: 13′
  • 12 ft wide: 14′

These dimensions are for standard 8ft side wall height using optimal stud length.

Minimum inside wall height (headroom) under end of truss or rafter
Lowest profile option

  • 46 inches

Medium height option

  • 4 ft wide: 82-86″ *
  • 6 ft wide: 79-83″ *
  • 8 ft wide: 76-80″ *
  • 10 ft wide: 69-75″ *
  • 12 ft wide: 66-72″ *

* Depending on overhang option

Tall option

  • 4, 6 & 8 ft wide: 92″
  • 10 & 12 wide: 90″

Extra tall option

  • All widths: 9′ 4″ or more

Add 3 to 5 inches if you build on a concrete slab.

  • 76 1/2″ for standard 7ft side wall height
  • 88 1/2″ for optional 8ft side wall height

Add 3 to 5 inches if you build on a concrete slab.

  • 90″ for optimal side wall height
  • 95″ for maximum side wall height

Add 3 to 5 inches if you build on a concrete slab.

  • 90″ for optimal side wall height
  • 95″ for maximum side wall height

Add 3 to 5 inches if you build on a concrete slab.

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3 column middle

Buy Now 3 column middle

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3 column middle

Buy Now 3 column middle

$7.95

3 column middle

Buy Now 3 column middle

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3 column middle

Buy Now 3 column middle

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Table of contents

Step by step instructions
  • General notes
  • Step 1: Foundation
  • Step 2: Floor, wood
  • Step 2a: Floor, concrete
  • Step 3: Sloped walls
  • Step 4: Tall and short walls
  • Step 5a: Prehung doors and windows
  • Step 5b: Single shed door
  • Step 5c: Double shed door
  • Step 5d: Open the shed door
  • Step 6: Frame and sheet the roof
  • Step 7: Trim
  • Step 8: Roof covering
  • Step 9: Paint and maintenance
  • Build a porch
  • Build a ramp
  • Bike sheds
  • How to contact me
  • Videos
  • Getting Started
  • Step 1: Foundation
  • Step 2: Floor
  • Step 3: Trusses
  • Step 4: Frame Walls
  • Step 5: Frame Door
  • Step 6: Raise Walls
  • Step 7: Finish Door
  • Step 8: Frame Roof
  • Step 9: Trim
  • Step 10: Shingle Roof
  • Maintenance
  • Build a ramp
  • How To Contact Me
  • General notes
  • Step 1: Foundation
  • Step 2: Floor, wood
  • Step 2a: Floor, concrete
  • Step 3: Trusses
  • Step 4: Walls
  • Step 5a: Prehung doors and windows
  • Step 5b: Single shed door
  • Step 5c: Double shed door
  • Step 5d: Open the shed door
  • Step 6: Frame and sheet the roof
  • Step 7: Trim
  • Step 8: Shingle the Roof
  • Step 9: Paint and maintenance
  • Build a loft
  • Build a ramp
  • How to contact me
  • General notes
  • Step 1: Foundation
  • Step 2: Floor, wood
  • Step 2a: Floor, concrete
  • Step 3: Trusses
  • Step 3a: Adding overhang
  • Step 3b: Adding a crows beak
  • Step 4: Walls
  • Step 5a: Prehung doors and windows
  • Step 5b: Single shed door
  • Step 5c: Double shed door
  • Step 5d: Open the shed door
  • Step 6: Frame and sheet the roof
  • Step 7: Trim
  • Step 8: Shingle the Roof
  • Step 9: Paint and maintenance
  • Build a loft
  • Build a ramp
  • How to contact me
Dimensions and Quantities Tables
  • Table 1: Materials list and cost estimate worksheet
  • Table 1: Notes
  • Table 2a: Dimensions that vary with the length and width of the shed
  • Table 2a: Notes
  • Table 2b: Dimensions that vary with the height and overhang
  • Table 2b: Notes
  • Table 3: Number of pieces to cut
  • Table 4: Nailing Schedule
  • Table 5: Fraction to decimal converter
  • Table 1: Materials list and cost estimate worksheet
  • Table 2: Dimensions that vary with the length and width of the shed
  • Table 3: Number of pieces to cut
  • Table 1: Materials list and cost estimate worksheet for 8×4 through 12×20
  • Table 1a: Materials list and cost estimate worksheet for 14×16 through 16×32
  • Table 1: Notes
  • Table 1a: Notes
  • Table 2: Dimensions that vary with the length and width of the shed
  • Table 2: Notes
  • Table 3: Number of pieces to cut
  • Table 4: Nailing Schedule
  • Table 5: Truss dimensions 6/12 & 12/12 pitch
  • Table 5: Notes
  • Table 1: Materials list and cost estimate worksheet
  • Table 2: Dimensions that vary with the length and width of the shed
  • Table 3: Number of pieces to cut
  • Table 4: Nailing Schedule
Building Details and Figures
  • Figure 1.1, Skid spacing
  • Figure 1.2, Concrete block spacing
  • Figure 2.1, Floor dimensions
  • Figure 2.2, Rim joist splice for floor over 20ft
  • Figure 2.3, Floor frame complete
  • Figure 3.1, Sloped wall dimensions
  • Figure 3.2, Tall wall dimensions
  • Figure 3.3, Short wall dimensions
  • Figure 3.4, Rafter cut template
  • Figure 3.5, Wall framing diagram
  • Figure 3.6, Sloped wall framing layout for 6 & 10 ft wide sheds
  • Figure 3.7, Sloped wall framing layout for 4, 8 & 12 ft wide sheds
  • Figure 4.1, Tall and short wall framing layout for 6, 10, 14 & 18 ft length sheds
  • Figure 4.2, Tall and short wall framing layout for 4, 8, 12, 16 & 20 ft length sheds
  • Figure 4.3, Top plate spacing detail for tall and short walls
  • Figure 4.4, Blocking required for sheds that are 8 ft or more at the short wall
  • Figure 5a, Frame for prehung doors and windows
  • Figure 5b.1, Outer door frame
  • Figure 5b.2, Inner door frame
  • Figure 5b.3, Complete single door frame
  • Figure 5b.4, Nailing sequence
  • Figure 5b.5, Chalk lines, cut lines
  • Figure 5b.6, Inner door trim
  • Figure 5b.7, Complete door trim showing 7/16 inch gap between inner and outer trim
  • Figure 5c.1, Inner door uprights, siding breaks, and cripple stud spacing
  • Figure 5c.2, Inner door spacers and uprights
  • Figure 5c.3, Door trim spacing and underlying cut lines
  • Figure 5c.4, Complete door trim
  • Figure 6.1, 1-6 inch overhang combinations
  • Figure 6.2, Full overhang combinations
  • Figure 6.3, 1-6 inch overhang detail before trim boards
  • Figure 6.4, Side view 1-2 inch overhang details
  • Figure 6.5, Side view 4-6 inch overhang with trim boards
  • Figure 6.6, Full overhang detail
  • Figure 6.7, Full overhang showing bird boards between rafters
  • Figure 6.8, Full overhang top view
  • Figure 6.9, Full overhang showing rafter support cut-outs and spacing
  • Figure 7.1, Porch side view
  • Figure 7.2, Porch components
  • Figure 7.3, Porch front view
  • Figure 8.1, Compact vertical bike shed
  • Figure 8.2, Interior dimensions of my original compact bike shed
  • Figure 8.3, Free standing 4×8 vertical bike shed
  • Figure 8.4, Flush fit 4×8 vertical bike shed
  • Figure 8.5, Interior dimensions for a 4×8 vertical bike shed
  • Figure 8.6, Top view showing clearance and fit for large bikes
  • Figure 8.7, 4×8 Gable roof vertical bike shed
  • Figure 8.8, Low profile bike shed
  • Figure 8.9, End view and trim details
  • Figure 8.10, Small door framing details
  • Figure 8.11, Interior dimensions for 96 inch long low profile bike shed
  • Figure 8.12, Interior dimensions for 72 inch long low profile bike shed
  • Figure 1: Detailed view of framing
  • Figure 2: Floor dimensions and layout
  • Figure 3: Simple jig, truss components
  • Figure 4a: Gable end wall layout showing stud spacing and bottom siding overhang
  • Figure 4b: Front cross section showing 14 degree angle on sidewall studs
  • Figure 4c: sidewall stud spacer detail
  • Figure 4d: Sidewall layout showing stud spacing and siding overhang
  • Figure 5a: Outer door frame including sandwiched header
  • Figure 5b: Inner door frame
  • Figure 5c: Nailing sequence
  • Figure 5d: Chalk lines
  • Figure 5e: Complete door trim showing 7/16 inch gap between inner and outer door trim
  • Figure 6: Wall dimensions and layout
  • Figure 7: First router cut
  • Figure 8: Sidewall cross section with truss layout
  • Figure 8a: Sidewall cross section with optional overhang
  • Figure 9: Trim
  • Figure 1.1, Skid spacing
  • Figure 1.2, Concrete block spacing
  • Figure 2.1, Floor dimensions
  • Figure 2.2, Rim joist splice for floor over 20ft
  • Figure 2.3, Floor frame complete
  • Figure 3.1, Truss dimensions
  • Figure 3.2, Truss jig
  • Figure 3.3, Extra braces for 14 & 16 wide trusses
  • Figure 3.4, Finished truss comparison… 6/12 vs 12/12 pitch
  • Figure 3.5, Gable end blocking
  • Figure 3.6, Frame a loft door into the gable end
  • Figure 3.7, Template for 6/12 pitch
  • Figure 4.1, Wall dimensions
  • Figure 4.2, Wall layout
  • Figure 4.3, End wall framing
  • Figure 4.4, Side wall framing
  • Figure 5a, Frame for prehung doors and windows
  • Figure 5b.1, Outer door frame
  • Figure 5b.2, Inner door frame
  • Figure 5b.3, Complete single door frame
  • Figure 5b.4, Nailing sequence
  • Figure 5b.5, Chalk lines, cut lines
  • Figure 5b.6, Inner door trim
  • Figure 5b.7, Complete door trim showing 7/16 inch gap between inner and outer trim
  • Figure 5c.1, Inner door uprights, siding breaks, and cripple stud spacing
  • Figure 5c.2, Inner door spacers and uprights
  • Figure 5c.3, Door trim spacing and underlying cut lines
  • Figure 5c.4, Complete door trim
  • Figure 6.1, Roof framing details
  • Figure 1.1, Skid spacing
  • Figure 1.2, Concrete block spacing
  • Figure 2.1, Floor dimensions
  • Figure 2.2, Rim joist splice for floor over 20ft
  • Figure 2.3, Floor frame complete
  • Figure 3.1, Truss dimensions
  • Figure 3.2, Truss jig
  • Figure 3.3, Gambrel end framing
  • Figure 3.4, Overhang details
  • Figure 3.5, Truss comparison
  • Figure 3.6, Crows beak dimensions
  • Figure 3.7, Crows beak framing detail
  • Figure 3.8, Crows beak sheeting detail
  • Figure 4.1, Wall dimensions
  • Figure 4.2, Wall layout
  • Figure 4.3, End wall framing
  • Figure 4.4, Side wall framing
  • Figure 5a, Frame for prehung doors and windows
  • Figure 5b.1, Outer door frame
  • Figure 5b.2, Inner door frame
  • Figure 5b.3, Complete single door frame
  • Figure 5b.4, Nailing sequence
  • Figure 5b.5, Chalk lines, cut lines
  • Figure 5b.6, Inner door trim
  • Figure 5b.7, Complete door trim showing 7/16 inch gap between inner and outer trim
  • Figure 5c.1, Inner door uprights, siding breaks, and cripple stud spacing
  • Figure 5c.2, Inner door spacers and uprights
  • Figure 5c.3, Door trim spacing and underlying cut lines
  • Figure 5c.4, Complete door trim
  • Figure 6.1, Roof framing details
Detailed Dimensions Diagrams
  • 4 ft wide, 60 inch (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 4 ft wide, 72 inch (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 4 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 4 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, full overhang
  • 6 ft wide, 72 inch (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 6 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 6 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, full overhang
  • 6 ft wide, 8 ft (short) wall height, full overhang
  • 8 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 8 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, full overhang
  • 8 ft wide, 8 ft (short) wall height, full overhang
  • 10 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 10 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, full overhang
  • 10 ft wide, 8 ft (short) wall height, full overhang
  • 10 ft wide, 10 ft (short) wall height, full overhang
  • 12 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, 1-6 inch overhang
  • 12 ft wide, 8 ft (tall) wall height, full overhang
  • 12 ft wide, 8 ft (short) wall height, full overhang
  • 12 ft wide, 10 ft (short) wall height, full overhang
Options
  • Foundation for building a shed without a floor
  • Build on a concrete slab
  • Single or double shed doors
  • Frame for pre hung doors and windows
  • Attached porch
  • Customize your overhang dimensions
  • Screened eave ventilation
  • Foundation for building a shed without a floor
  • Build on a concrete slab
  • Single and double doors
  • 3/12, 4/12 and 5/12 roof pitch
  • 7 or 8ft side wall height
  • 2, 3 1/2 or 5 1/2 inch overhang
  • Foundation for building a shed without a floor
  • Build on a concrete slab
  • Single or double shed doors
  • Frame for pre hung doors and windows
  • 4 ft wide loft
  • 6/12 or 12/12 roof pitch
  • Customize your overhang dimensions
  • Screened eave ventilation
  • Foundation for building a shed without a floor
  • Build on a concrete slab
  • 12 Inch (custom) overhang on all 4 sides
  • (Decorative) Crows Beak
  • Single or double shed doors
  • Frame for pre hung doors and windows
  • Full width loft
  • Screened eave ventilation
Total page count
Over 150 pages Over 100 pages Over 100 pages Over 100 pages

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3 column middle

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3 column bottom

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